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HISTORY 3DF3 Art/Politoc:2nd Empire France

Academic Year: Fall 2015

Term: Fall

Day/Evening: D

Instructor: Dr. Alison McQueen

Email: ajmcq@mcmaster.ca

Office: Chester New Hall 601

Phone: 905-525-9140 x 24154

Website:

Office Hours: Mondays and Wednesdays 2:30-3:00 p.m.



Course Objectives:

This course examines the visual arts in France during the Second Empire (1852-70) including: architecture and city planning, painting, sculpture, photography and printmaking. The class examines topics including: debates around Realism, the development of the Impressionist movement, changing modes of exhibiting art, and connections between the visual arts and the rise of democracy in nineteenth-century France.  Lectures and readings also evaluate the role(s) of art within French national and international politics, including the Salon des refusés, the Universal Expositions of 1855 and 1867, and colonial Algeria.  The powerful and complex subject positions of Emperor Napoléon III and Empress Eugénie as patrons of art and architecture figure prominently in this course.  Required readings and assignments introduce students to a range of methodological approaches current in the study of art history. 

Course Learning Outcomes

1) Analyze visual works of art from France during the Second Empire including their social and historical context and significance.

2) Examine the intersection of art and politics in France during the Second Empire period and how artists respond to those intersections.

3) Develop research and writing skills that demonstrate an ability to analyze works of art in depth.


Textbooks, Materials & Fees:

Required Text:

Jane Mayo Roos Early Impressionism and the French State. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.


Method of Assessment:

Course Evaluation:

In-Class Pop Quizzes on Required Readings, 3 Wednesday Classes 18%

Students are required to complete all readings and there will be three in-class pop quizzes on the required readings during the course of the semester.  Students are expected to come to class on Wednesdays having completed the readings for that week and must prepared to discuss them.  During three classes selected by the professor and not announced in advance, students must also be prepared to write a short answer on a question related to the readings.  Students should bring their notes on the readings to each class as they can consult these notes during the quizzes.  The notes on the readings must be either handwritten or printed out if a student typically takes notes on the computer.  Students will not be allowed to consult material on a computer or on any other electronic device during the Pop Quizzes.  Each of the three Pop Quizzes will be worth 6%.

Lecture report, September 28th  10%

Students are required to attend and write a report on Dr. Caterina Pierre’s lecture “Unknown/Shown: Bringing Marcello to Exhibition” that she will present at McMaster on Tuesday September 22nd, 7:30 p.m. in TSH B-105.  This one to two page report (300-500 words) will outline the content of Professor Pierre’s lecture and will provide an analysis of her approach to the material. If you have a class Tuesday evenings you can either request permission to miss that one class, and get the notes from someone else, or you can write an in-depth book report (750-1,000 word minimum) on Professor Pierre’s scholarly book: “Genius has no sex”: The Sculpture of Marcello (1836-1879). A copy of this book will be made available to you in pdf format via ATL.  The lecture report (or book report when necessary) is due at the beginning of class on Monday September 28th. Papers submitted at any other time (including later in class or later in the day on Monday) will be considered late and will be graded accordingly (refer to late policy below).

Midterm Test, October 26th  20%

Analysis of Works of Art:

Students will be shown a total of 5 works of art.  Students will identify the work(s) of art/architecture fully (title, name of artist/architect, date, media/materials) and will analyze the work and its social and historical context and significance. 

Students will include material from lectures and the assigned readings and must write in complete sentences.  There will be 10 minutes for each work; total time 50 minutes.  Each short answer will be worth 10 points (total 50 points).

The midterm test will focus on material up to and including the lecture immediately before the test. 

Review slides will be available through ARTstor.  Consult the instructions on Avenue to Learn to set up your ARTstor account.

Bibliography Assignment, October 5th 10%  & Research Paper, November 16th 20%

Students will select a topic for the semester that will focus their individual research on either a nineteenth-century artist or a subject of historical significance during the Second Empire.  A list of potential topics will be presented in class and posted on ATL.  At an agreed upon time, students will sign up for topics on ATL on a first come, first assigned basis.

To complete the first part of the assignment, each student will produce a bibliography (single spaced, typed) on their topic that will include books, essays, and journal articles (web sources should only be included when they are significant sources).  Students must search databases (such as Jstor, Art Index and BHA, Bibliography of the History of Art) that can be accessed through the library’s Electronic Resources.  At the beginning of the first page of this bibliography, students must provide a brief description of the topic (one paragraph, no more than half of a page).  The information for this paragraph should give a basic outline of the paper topic.  The paragraph description can draw from entries in encyclopedias but the bibliography must exhaust all available resources, including those in foreign languages.  Students should include a few sentences outlining the sources they consulted and their experience(s) completing this assignment.  There is no required length for this assignment and some bibliographies will be longer than others; it is the quality of the work that matters.  The bibliography does not need to be annotated.  Bibliographies should not be longer than 5 pages and are due at the beginning of class on October 5th.

For the second part of the assignment, students will write an eight to ten page research paper (approximately 2,500-2,700 words, double-spaced, typed) on their selected topic.  Students must develop a thesis and include analysis of works of art/historical figure(s)/issues and analyze their relationship to art and politics in Second Empire France.  Biographical information should be included only when it is important in connection with a paper’s thesis.  In addition to the ten to twelve pages of text, papers must be accompanied by a title page, bibliography, and footnotes or endnotes.  Papers should include illustrations when relevant and must include complete information and citation for the source of all images.  Sources of any ideas included in the research paper must be cited in footnotes or endnotes; it is not sufficient to cite sources solely in a bibliography.  Students must also be sure to cite the date and time they consulted any on-line resources, and to use these judiciously as many are not reliable.  Numerous journal articles are now available electronically and certainly these are acceptable (the url information for journal articles must not be included in your bibliography).  Papers are due at the beginning of class on November 16th.

All bibliography assignments and papers must be submitted in both hard copy AND electronic .doc format submitted to the ATL Bibliography and Research Paper Dropboxes on the days they are due.

Final Exam, date TBA – scheduled by the registrar’s office, 22%

The final examination will concentrate on material since the midterm along with key concepts examined throughout the semester.

Part One: Analysis of Works of Art

Students will be shown a total of 5 works of art that relate to lectures and readings since the midterm.  Students will identify the work(s) of art/architecture fully (title, name of artist/architect, date, media/materials) and will analyze the work and its social and historical context and significance. 

Students will include material from lectures and the assigned readings and must write in complete sentences.  There will be 10 minutes for each work; total time 50 minutes.  Each short answer will be worth 10 points (total 50 points).

Part Two: Key Concepts

Students will choose 4 from a list of 6 questions related to art and politics in Second Empire France.  Answers will incorporate analysis informed by lectures and readings throughout the semester.  Students will use terms and concepts that demonstrate the relationships between art and politics.  Students will provide examples of related works of art (with full identification: title, name of artist/architect, date, media/materials) when required.  

Students will include material from lectures and the assigned readings and must write in complete sentences.  There will be 10 minutes for each question; total time 40 minutes.  Each answer will be worth 3 points (total 12 points).

The Final Exam will be graded out of a total of 62 points.

Note regarding the Midterm test and Final exam: No make-up tests or exams will be given unless the absence was necessitated by a documented emergency; emergencies and/or absences must be processed through the student’s faculty office. 


Policy on Missed Work, Extensions, and Late Penalties:

Policy on late submissions:

Any lecture reports, weekly assignments, bibliography assignments or research papers that are submitted at any time other than the ones specified above (including later in class or later in the day they are due) will be considered late and will be graded accordingly: late submissions of the writing assignments will be penalized â…“ of the letter grade per calendar day late, including weekends (e.g. a B+ paper, one day late becomes a B).  Late penalties will not be waived unless your Faculty/Program Office advises the instructor that you have submitted to that office the appropriate documentation to support your inability to submit the work by the due date.


Please Note the Following Policies and Statements:

Academic Dishonesty

You are expected to exhibit honesty and use ethical behaviour in all aspects of the learning process. Academic credentials you earn are rooted in principles of honesty and academic integrity.

Academic dishonesty is to knowingly act or fail to act in a way that results or could result in unearned academic credit or advantage. This behaviour can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various types of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, located at www.mcmaster.ca/academicintegrity

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

  1. Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one’s own or for which other credit has been obtained.
  2. Improper collaboration in group work.
  3. Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

Email correspondence policy

It is the policy of the Faculty of Humanities that all email communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from each student’s own McMaster University email account. This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.  Instructors will delete emails that do not originate from a McMaster email account.

Modification of course outlines

The University reserves the right to change dates and/or deadlines etc. for any or all courses in the case of an emergency situation or labour disruption or civil unrest/disobedience, etc. If a modification becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students will be given with an explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes. Any significant changes should be made in consultation with the Department Chair.

McMaster Student Absence Form (MSAF)

In the event of an absence for medical or other reasons, students should review and follow the Academic Regulation in the Undergraduate Calendar Requests for Relief for Missed Academic Term Work. Please note these regulations have changed beginning Fall 2015. You can find information at mcmaster.ca/msaf/. If you have any questions about the MSAF, please contact your Associate Dean's office.

Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities

Students who require academic accommodation must contact Student Accessibility Services (SAS) to make arrangements with a Program Coordinator. Academic accommodations must be arranged for each term of study. Student Accessibility Services can be contacted by phone 905-525-9140 ext. 28652 or e-mail sas@mcmaster.ca. For further information, consult McMaster University's Policy for Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities.

Academic Accommodation for Religious, Indigenous and Spiritual Observances

Students requiring academic accommodation based on religion and spiritual observances should follow the procedures set out in the Course Calendar or by their respective Faculty. In most cases, the student should contact his or her professor or academic advisor as soon as possible to arrange accommodations for classes, assignments, tests and examinations that might be affected by a religious holiday or spiritual observance.


Topics and Readings:

Schedule of Presentation Topics and Readings

September 9:            Introduction to the Course & The Politics of Urban Transformation in Second Empire Paris

September 14 & 16: The Politics of Urban Transformation in Second Empire Paris

Required Reading for September 16:

Sterckx, Marjan. “The Invisible ‘Sculpteuse’: Sculptures by Women in the Nineteenth-century Urban Public Space—London, Paris, Brussels,” Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide vol.7 n.2 (Autumn 2008): http://www.19thc-artworldwide.org/index.php/component/content/article/38-autumn08article/90-the-invisible-sculpteuse-sculptures-by-women-in-the-nineteenth-century-urban-public-spacelondon-paris-brussels

September 21:            No Lecture

Lecture replaced by attending lecture by Dr. Caterina Pierre on Tuesday September 22nd, 7:30 pm

September 23: An Artist’s Response to the Politics of Urban transformation:  Charles Méryon’s etched series Paris à l’eau-forte

Required Reading for September 23:

Jane Mayo Roos, “The Politics of the Règlement,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 1-17.

September 28 & 30 Art and Politics in the early years of the Second Empire: The Universal Exposition of 1855

Required Reading for September 30:

Jane Mayo Roos, “Women at the Salon,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 18-32.

October 5, 7 & 19: Realism: Politics and Debates

Required Reading for October 7:

Jane Mayo Roos, “The Politics of the Salon,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 33-48.

October 21: Art and Politics in Colonial Algeria: The Case of Auguste Dumont’s Statue of Maréchal Bugeaud

Required Reading for October 21:

Barbara Larson “The artist as ethnographer: Charles Cordier and race in mid-nineteenth-century France,” The Art Bulletin vol.87 n.4 (2005): 714-722.

October 26: Midterm test

October 28 & November 2: Political Bodies: Portraiture and Constructions of Identity

Required Reading for October 28:

Fletcher, Pamela. “Creating the French Gallery: Ernest Gambart and the Rise of the Commercial Art Gallery in Mid-Victorian London,” Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide vol.6 n.1 (Spring 2007): http://www.19thc-artworldwide.org/spring07/46-spring07/spring07article/143-creating-the-french-gallery-ernest-gambart-and-the-rise-of-the-commercial-art-gallery-in-mid-victorian-london

Chagnon-Burke, Véronique. “Rue Lafitte: Looking at and Buying Contemporary Art in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Paris,” Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide vol.11 n.2 (Summer 2012): http://www.19thc-artworldwide.org/index.php/summer12/veronique-chagnon-burke-looking-at-and-buying-contemporary-art-in-mid-nineteenth-century-paris 

November 4 & 9: Art, National and International Politics in the late 1850s and early 1860s

Required Reading for November 4:

Jane Mayo Roos, “The Cat’s Meow,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 49-72.

November 11 & 16: Painting Contemporary Life – The Salon des refusés and the Development of Impressionism

Required Reading for November 11:

Jane Mayo Roos, “The Black Cat Returns,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 101-130.

November 18 & 23: Art and Politics in the mid to late 1860s; The Universal Exposition of 1867

Required Reading for November 18:

Jane Mayo Roos, “The Stag at Bay,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 73-90.

Jane Mayo Roos, “Paris Interlude,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 91-100.

November 25 & 30: Art and Politics in the late 1860s

Required Reading for November 25:

Jane Mayo Roos, “On the Brink of Success,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 131-146.

December 2 & 7: Commemoration and the Dispersal of Second Empire Visual Culture

Required Reading for December 2:

Jane Mayo Roos, “The Commune, the Column, and the Toppling of Courbet,” in Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, pages 147-159.

n.b. Besides chapters in the Roos required text, the readings are articles available through e-resources; see ATL for links.


Other Course Information:

Class times: Mondays 1:30-2:20 p.m., Wednesdays 12:30-2:20 p.m.

Prerequisite:  Registration in Level II or above.

Note:

  1. Students are expected to attend all classes and arrive promptly for the beginning of each class.  To be respectful of others, students are asked not to enter the classroom late; if you do, you must enter the classroom by the back door and quietly take a chair close to the door so as not to disturb other students.
  2. Students are requested not to eat in class; beverages are permitted. 
  3. Students must also refrain from listening to sound recording devices or using handheld devices during lecture.  Recording of lectures is not permitted without advance permission from the professor.
  4. Laptop computers are permitted only so long as students remain focused on the class.  Game playing, Internet use or any other disruptive computer use by one student during lecture will result in laptops not being permitted in class for any student.

Note on Correspondence: The instructor will use Avenue to Learn as a communication forum for general announcements, changes to the course schedule and relevant class news. For personal correspondence between instructor and student, you are required to use the McMaster email as listed above. Do not communicate with instructor through the Avenue email.  Your professor’s emails are checked during regular business hours and on weekdays only. Students can expect to receive responses to relevant inquiries within 48 hours. A response not received within this timeframe indicates that the message was not received. It is the student’s responsibility to follow-up with subsequent attempts.

Reserve List

Bergdoll, Barry. European Architecture 1750-1890. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Cachin, Françoise. Arts of the 19th Century, 1850-1905. vol.2 New York: Abrams, 1999.

Chu, Petra ten-Doesschate. Nineteenth-Century European Art. 3rd ed. New York: Abrams, 2011.

Frascina, Francis et al. Modernity and Modernism: French Painting in the Nineteenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Mainardi, Patricia. Art and Politics of the Second Empire: the Universal Expositions of 1855 and 1867. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

McQueen, Alison. Empress Eugénie and the Arts: Politics and Visual Culture in the Nineteenth Century. Aldershot: Ashgate Press, 2011.

Moulin, Jean-Marie et al. The Second Empire, 1852-1870: art in France under Napoleon III. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1978.

Roos, Jane Mayo. Early Impressionism and the French State (1866-1874). New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.